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Quercus ilex
Holm Oak
Pot size: 9cm   Our online price: £5.60
You can order it as gift wrapped present (+£6.50)
available plant for sale - you will receive a similar plant available plant for sale - view from a different angle strong presence of a dense foliage - holm oak usually grows into a short tree the underside of the leaves are velvety and smoorth the sunshine reflects on the dark green leaves

Common name in French:
Chêne vert, Yeuse
Common name in German:
Stein-Eiche
Other common names:
-
Family:
Fagaceae
Origin:
Mediterranean

Description:

One of the very few evergreen oaks planted in relatively large numbers in Britain, mostly in coastal regions (naturalised in places). This evergreen oak was introduced to Britain about 400 years ago; it originates in the Mediterranean region. Shape of leaves and length of spines on the leaves varies plant by plant. Sometimes the leaves are very spiny - hence its specific name, derived from the Latin name of the holly. Often found near the coast, the holm oak is rather sensitive to frost and suffers frost damage under -7--8 C especially if the soil is wet. Under garden conditions it rarely exceeds 10 metres in height but is usually a lot smaller than that. As it branches freely, it is ideal for bonsai and can be pruned as well - may be grown by a south facing wall as topiary. Can be kept on the patio in a large pot during the summer but if planted into a pot, it is best kept frost free during Winter. The seeds are edible raw or cooked and the mulch of old leaves may deter slugs and grubs (do not use fresh leaves as the tannin may inhibit growth of plants nearby).


Plant growing type:
evergreen
Habit:
conical crowned small tree
Size when mature in m:
4-5m
Main feature (value):
leaf
Spring value:
flower and leaf
Summer value:
leaf
Autumn value:
leaf and fruit
Winter value:
leaf
Autumn coloration:
no coloration as this is an evergreen species (drops its old foliage continuously)
Flower colour:
Yellow
Fruit colour:
Brown
W i n t e r
S p r i n g
S u m m e r
A u t u m n
Dec
Jan
Feb
Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
Flowering period:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fruiting period:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Drought tolerance:
high
Optimum ph:
slightly alkaline (pH 7-8)
Preferred location:
full sun
Where to plant:
warm, south facing borders, rockeries, in front of stone walls, great for bonsai, can be kept in container on the patio
Pests and diseases:
this tree is generally pest- and disease-free, but caterpillars sometimes damage young leaves in early summer
Herbal usage:
it is usually not used as a herb but the seeds are edible raw or cooked, it may taste sweet or bitter. The seed oil can be used to for cooking and the roasted s
Edibility:
fruit is edible
Toxicity to humans:
not known
Optimum growing conditions:
full sun (drought tolerant), well drained soil (tolerant), thrives on alkaline soil

Height in cm:
20-30
Pot size:
9cm
Age in year:
1 (this tree is grown from seed on our nursery)
Our online price:
£5.60

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